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Fuchsia Plants [Different Types, How to Grow and Care]

    The plant is basically a genus of shrubs and small trees. It was named after a german botanist Leonhart Fuchs. The genus has about 110 species in recognition. 

    Most of the shrubs are 0.2 to 4 metres tall. Fuchsia leaves can be either deciduous or evergreen. They can be 1 to 25 centimetres long.

    The flowers are drooping, pendulous in shape. They are bright in color and contrast each other. The colors are automatically an immediate attraction for pollinators.

    TYPES OF FUCHSIA PLANTS

    The most popular varieties are the TRAILING and the UPRIGHT ones.  

    Some of the popular trailing varieties are:

    1. Blush of Dawn

    Blush of Dawn

    The common name of the plant is Lady’s Eardrops. The stunning plant blooms into a light lavender-colored showy flower that lightens down its length into a silvery, waxy-white shade. They are deciduous perennial shrubs.

    2. Harry Gray

    Harry Gray

    It has white petals with a slight shade of pink on its borders. The beautiful plant blossoms into showy flowers and makes for a lovely sight. It is a perennial shrub that blooms in summer and fall. 

    3. Trailblazer

    Trailblazer

    This plant grows up to two feet long. It is of a double trailing type. The color of the sepals is usually pale magenta or medium pink. The plant is a perennial shrub that grows in dappled or partial sun. 

    4. Dark Eyes

    Dark Eyes

    The plant is a double trailing hybrid plant. The sepals are a deep shade of red and the petals are a deep violet-blue shade. This put a wonderful show in late spring or early summer against its deep green foliage. 

    5. Indian Maid

    Indian Maid

    The plant is a double trailing type hybrid that grows up to a foot and a half. The flowers are a sight on its variegated leaf foliage. 

    Off late, the upright varieties are also widely used. Although the plants produce smaller flowers they have become as popular as the trailing variety.

    6. Baby Blue Eyes

    Baby Blue Eyes

    The plant is a perennial shrub that has red sepals and a dark purple petal. The plant grows in partial or dappled shade.

    7. Farges

    Farges

    The plant is a bushy hybrid with semi to double flower type that grows up to two feet high. The perennial plants grow in partial or dappled shade. The bloom time is summer and fall. It is suitable to be grown as annuals too.      

    8. Beacon

    Beacon

    The perennial shrub grows in a partial or dappled shade. It blooms during summer or fall and is also suitable to be grown as an annual as well.  

    Some like to classify Fuchsias in a more general way. Some of them are as follows:

    9. Hardy Fuchsia

    Hardy Fuchsia

    These Fuchsia are medium-sized shrubs that produce elegant and small leaves. These types of plants have bushy, upright features. They grow from 2 to 3 feet in height. They bloom from summer to winter.

    They are perfect for cottage gardens, border walls, and coastal gardens. To keep them strong, cut back on some of last year’s stems and do it yearly. They prefer sandy or even clayey soil. 

    10. Tree Fuchsia

    Tree Fuchsia

    Their blossoms start as small cute, tiny flowers in the shades of lilac and then burst into hot pink; sometimes even resembling the exotic coral shade.

    While it may look like this is another hybrid species but in fact, these are true species of the fuchsia genus. 

    11. Fuchsia Boliviana

    Fuchsia Boliviana

    It is a fast-growing hybrid fuchsia species. The evergreen shrub has arching pendulous branches.

    The plant grows up to 3.5 -6 meters tall. They bloom from summer to mid-fall. The lightly scented flowers are also a treat for pollinators.

    12. Paniculata

    Paniculata

    The beautiful pink-flowered plant grows up to 5 meters tall. The moderately rare Fuchsia produces an edible berry that is gathered and eaten locally. The plant grows in sandy and heavy clay soils. 

    13. Seventh Heaven Fuchsia

    Seventh Heaven Fuchsia

    The Fuchsia is a deciduous shrub that is trailing in nature. The trailing plant is said to be synonymous with that of ‘angel wings’. It is also a great source for pollinators and attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.

    14. Aurea Fuchsia

    Aurea Fuchsia

    They are from the upright species of the Fuchsia. The shrubby plants form a bushy clump of yellow leaves. They grow well in sandy soil with clay as long it is kept considerably moist all the time. 

    15. Swingtime Fuchsia

    Swingtime Fuchsia

    They have exquisite white petals with traces of red on them. They are usually overwintered as they are kept indoors for winter and brought back outdoors for mid-spring.

    They grow best in full sun or partial shade and love moist soil the most. They love the heat and grow best in summers.

    SPECIALITY OF FUCHSIA PLANTS

    The beautiful bell-shaped flowers that hang like little droplets are all the more exotic to grow in the garden. There are so many hybrids with so many shades of colors they are almost hard to ignore. 

    The plants bloom continuously from spring to fall. The different cultivars are about 5000 in number. They are available in either upright or trailing varieties.

    It is a general understanding that the orange or red-colored fuchsias are more heat tolerant. The varieties include Constance, Orange drops, Sacramento Bells, Golden Gate etc.,

    For specific heat tolerance, F. magellanica is the best. The hybrid groups of F. triphylla are an important group for heat resistance. 

    HOW TO GROW AND CARE FUCHSIA PLANT?

    Pruning plants early on has proved great for the plant, old dead leaves can be cut to grow new leaves, new branches and flowers take their place. 

    The water requirements of the plant are simple. Fuchsia plants are usually grown in moist soil in containers. The SOIL needs to be high-quality and well-draining potting soil.

    They need constantly wet soil. The right kind of dampness is needed since the fuchsia plant might die if left dry or overly wet; for if the roots get too wet it will rot. 

    When it comes to garden Fuchsia, it will be best to grow it in loose ad well-drained soil. 

    Fuchsias need fertilizing. Using a liquid fertilizer once every few weeks allows the Fuchsia to grow and produce flowers throughout the season. 

    SUNLIGHT REQUIREMENTS

    Fuchsia plants do not grow well in direct sunlight or excessive heat. Fuchsia should be planted in areas getting partial sunlight.

    The temperature requirements vary between varieties but generally, they grow best in places where the soil is cool and places where the plant is shielded from direct sunlight. 

    HOW TO GROW FUCHSIA?

    The first one being growing the plant from CUTTINGS.

    • Cut the extra leaves growing from the leaf node including the stem with the extra leaf.
    • Dip the root into a root hormone which encourages the growth of the root. 
    • A well-drained nutritional mix is our go to soil choice.  
    • Keep the soil moist but do not over water nor let the soil become dry.
    • Once the plant is mature enough with stems growing off it and when it is hard and sturdy enough to transplant. Pry the plant off the container carefully. 

    The second method is to transplant fuchsia to the garden.

    • Once a root ball develops, transplant the plant once it is sturdy. 
    • Choose an appropriate location, one that receives a decent amount of morning sun and receives afternoon shade too. 
    • Dig a hole 6 inches deeper than the depth of the Fuchsia plant’s current container and a little wider. Fill the hole with compost and garden manure helping improve the quality of soil. 
    • Slide the plant out of the container and place it in the hole with the root side down. 

    How to take care of the plant?

    • As pointed out, the soil needs to be moist enough. However, do not over water the plant either and prolonged spells of overly moist soil will cause root rot and the leaves to fall off. 
    • For the first 6 weeks, the plant needs regular fertilizing after being transplanted to the garden. During summer and early autumn, early fertilizing is a good habit. Fertilize after watering and use a water soluble, balanced fertilizer that is made of equal parts of phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium. 
    • Removing dead flowers is important for new blooms to grow. 
    • The plants are relatively immune to pests but aphids are usually drawn to them. They can be removed by simple pesticides. Any other disease can usually be treated by a fungicide.