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10 Different Types of Snake Plants [Benefits, Risks & How to Grow]

    Snake plant got its name from the shape of its leaves, pointy, sharp and elongated. The most common of the family is Laurentii and Gold Hanii.

    They have always been common household plants. Filtering the air of its toxins and giving oxygen is its beneficial feature. Tolerant to most of the growing conditions, insect repellent etc., In a nutshell, they are too good to be true. 

    The leaves can grow up to 28-35 in long and 2-2.4 in wide. It’s usually grown outdoors in warmer places and indoors in colder areas. They are widely known especially for their air cleaning as they remove toxins in the air. 

    WHAT ARE SNAKE REPELLENT PLANTS?

    Snakes have been a mortal threat to mankind since ages. If you live in areas where snakes thrive, it’s best to create a snake repelling environment because snakes can writher their way in to your homes. 

    As the name suggests, snake repellent plants keep away snakes. There is no single plant that can keep all sorts of snakes away and for good.

    One of the reasons for it is because if the snake was born in a field of tomatoes, the smell of tomato would be homely for it and would keep coming back to the field of tomatoes.

    Naturally, snakes don’t like strong smells, that’s the principle to be followed to repel snakes. Some such snake repelling plants are:

    • Marigolds
    • Snake plants
    • Onion and garlic
    • West Indian Lemongrass

    Types of Snake Plants

    1. Sansevieria trifasciata

    Sansevieria trifasciata

    These are some of the most common snake plants found in a household. They have curly leaves and still vary with varieties. They grow up to 3 feet and 2.5 inches width.

    2. Sansevieria trifasciata Laurentii

    Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Laurentii’

    This variety grows in tight bundles of sword-shaped leaves with bold green color with golden edges.

    They do well indoors and result in brighter leaves in the good sun but the full sun might burn the leaves. When they bloom, they produce inflorescent greenish-white flowers.

    3. Sansevieria cylindrical

    Sansevieria cylindrical

    This cylindrical variety grows up to 6 feet tall. The common practice of braiding the leaves when young gives an aesthetic appeal and also helps control growth.

    They need warmer climates, well-draining soil and don’t need much watering. They are mildly toxic and need to be kept away from children.

    4. Bantel’s Sensation Snake Plant

    Bantel's Sensation Snake Plant

    This is the exceptionally long-leaved variety of the snake plant. It boasts thin white lines on its thin leaves. It’s easy to take care of and is drought-resistant with similar properties as that of Black Gold.

    5. Black Jack Snake Plant

    Black Jack Snake Plant

    This plant is a shorter variety of the genus. These plants have dark green leaves and are drought resistant too. They are excellent air purifiers as well.

    6. Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Futura Robusta’

    Sansevieria trifasciata 'Futura Robusta'

    This is the shortest variety of snake plants. They have silvery green leaves with dark green stripes. They spread upwards and grow twisted with each other.

    7. Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Futura Superba’

    Sansevieria trifasciata 'Futura Superba'

    This is a shorter variety of the trifasciata (black gold) with green paddle-like leaves and golden edges. These catchy plants are everything the black gold plant is. They do really well in poorly lit places. They grow approximately to 10 inches.

    8. Gold Hahnii Snake Plant

    Gold Hahnii Snake Plant

    These are dwarf varieties of the snake plant. They form low rosette-like structures and grow up to 8 inches. They form green cross-bands with yellow margins.

    9. Golden Flame Snake Plant

    Golden Flame Snake Plant

    These plants are predominantly known for their golden-yellow colour in their younger years which later fade to dark green leaves.

    Flowering is irregular and once having bloomed these plants simply stop producing new leaves and produce plantlets from its rhizomes.

    10. Moonshine Snake Plant

    Moonshine Snake Plant

    These are the most beautiful variety of the many others.The matte colour is rare and outstanding. The beautiful paddle shaped leaves grow well in 60-80% shade and are drought resistant.

    SNAKE PLANT- BIOLOGICAL ELEMENTS

    These perennials can grow from 8 inches and anywhere near to 12 inches long and the width can range from 1- 2 inches.

    Though flowering is irregular some varieties produce greenish white-flowers whose fragrance is a treat to the senses.

    These plants are particularly slow growers. With ample amounts of sunlight, their growth can be faster. It grows best in 65-70 Fahrenheit temperature. They are quite adaptable to light conditions.

    They require well-draining soil. Every once in four years, it is good practice to repot the plant as the roots tend to outgrow the pot. If the leaves appear wrinkly and old, it’s a sign of water scarcity.

    ARE SNAKE PLANTS POISONOUS?

    They are mildly toxic, mostly to pets like cats and dogs. If consumed by humans might lead to gastrointestinal upset. The signs of toxicity are light diarrhoea, vomiting, nausea and salivation. 

    HOW TO GROW SNAKE PLANTS? 

    These plants require a good amount of indirect light but burn if in direct contact producing dark brown spots.

    Hence while choosing a place, usually choose shady corners. Also in winter, make sure to keep it away from dewy and cold windows.

    They love growing in pots and that’s why they are mostly household plants. They are prone to root rot and that is why they require well-draining soil.

    Commercial succulents or cactus soil are excellent choices. The rhizomes of the plant tend to spread out over time and that’s why they need to be repotted. 

    They require infrequent watering. It’s best to dry out the soil in between watering sessions. On an average, watering once a week works. The water in the plant cells freeze and burst the cell.

    As far as fertilizing is concerned, it must be done only in spring or summer; once a month. The plants are naturally susceptible to mealybugs and spider mites.

    They suck on the sap of the plant and leave it wounded, if left long enough they might even kill the plant. A lot of them wash them off with isopropyl alcohol.

    Do it as many times as possible to get rid of them. Whereas the spider mites are too small to be noticeable by the naked eye but they do leave yellow or brown spots on the plant.

    They are also related to spiders and leave small webs on the plant, start spraying the leaves mostly the undersides of the leaves with water, neem oil or insecticidal oil to get rid of them. 

    BENEFITS OF SNAKE PLANTS

    These succulents have numerous benefits. With their strong and stiff leaves, they are virtually indestructible.

    Knowing the fact that outdoor air pollution is as deadly as indoor air pollution, it is the best household plant with the best air-filtering methods.

    It’s pretty effective in reducing airborne allergies. Snake plants are low maintenance. 

    RISK OF GROWING SNAKE PLANTS

    Other than being toxic there are some other points worth noting. A total of 12 toxins were found in snake plants.

    A few were produced because of the ingredients in pesticides and a few of them were because of the micro-organisms living in the soil. Some of the toxins were found harmful to humans and animals. 

    Besides this and the fact that they are mildly toxic if eaten are the only risks of growing snake plants.

    All in all, the aesthetic foliage of the plant doesn’t fail to impress, added to the excellent air filtering characteristics. The ease of growing the plant is an extra cookie point. Find a shady place and plant these succulents for tons of benefits.