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Spider Plants [Types of Spider Plants, Specialty & Benefits]

    Spider plants are a perennial plant native to southern and tropical Africa. They are commonly called airplane plants, ribbon plants, spider ivy etc.  

    They are one of the easiest to grow off of all the trailing and hanging plants. The plant grows up to 24 inches in height. Their plants have narrow leaves that grow up to 8-18 inches.

    The shoots of the plant produce beautiful white flowers that grow in clusters. The shoots grow up to 30 inch and then bend downwards.

    Types of Spider Plants

    1. Vittatum Spider Plant

    Vittatum Spider Plant

    The most commonly grown spider plant is the Vittatum species. It has long, curved leaves of medium green shade. These are the most common varieties found.

    2. Bonnie Spider Plant

    Bonnie Spider Plant

    The plant has the same carefree features as spider plants but with better aesthetics. The leaves are curlier and have more flare. These are small varieties and hence will make a great addition anywhere you want.

    3. Hawaiian Spider Plant

    Hawaiian Spider Plant

    The perennial, evergreen plant is known for its rich champagne tones in the centre. They are also known to fade colours over time. The variegation will return when the plantlet is separated from the mother plant. 

    4. Variegated Spider Plant

    Variegated Spider Plant

    ‘Variegatum’ means the reverse of ‘vittatum’ as in the leaf pattern or colour scheme is reversed. The dark green colour is in the centre while the white borders the leaves. Since the ’90s this plant has replaced the vittatum varieties.

    SPECIALITY OF SPIDER PLANTS

    The plant is a member of the Lily family with clustered formation of leaves. Vittatum is the most common among all of them.

    In summer, the plant produces about 6 flowers on its sprawling stems that grow up to 2 feet long. The flowers are really small, almost the size of a dime. The plants ability to produce plantlets or commonly called ‘spiders’. 

    Multiplying the plant is easy, you just need to remove the plantlets and put it on top of moist potting soil, they will form roots quickly.

    Another way would be to tuck the plantlet under another mother and create a pot full of the plants.

    BENEFITS OF SPIDER PLANT

    The plant is a vintage favourite for a long time now. Giving the Victorian feel and bringing life to the parlour. The reason being how easy they’re to grow and look elegant.

    The native African plant is known for its air cleaning capabilities. They produce more oxygen and help us in breathing better.

    The plants remove some of the most harmful pollutants like particulate matter, Ozone, and nitrogen dioxide.

    Besides keeping the air clean and free of toxins they are safe for pets and can be hung or put anywhere in the house. They help foster happy vibes.

    Spider plants were kept in hospital rooms to help patients recover from surgeries. The plants are known for its adaptation to various climatic conditions.

    They thrive in neglect and are also impossible to kill. They adapt to overwatering or underwatering conditions.

    How to Grow and Care for Spider Plants

    They adapt extremely well to the climatic conditions and are super easy to grow. Even so the plants are best grown in bright light.

    When it comes to temperature, they prefer warmth. When the temperature falls below 50 degrees F do not expose them to chilly winds and cold drafts.

    The soil requirements of the plant are general and minimal. Soil must be well draining and a well aerated potting mix. They grow in even moisture; the soil must not be too dry or too wet.

    Spider plants can be grown outside as annuals in summer.

    SPIDER PLANTATION PROCEDURE

    • Keep them away from direct and hot sunlight. Moderate and indirect sunlight is good for the plant. Too hot and bright light can burn the leaves producing brown spots.
    • Prepare the potting mix and maintain even moisture.
    • Water liberally and cut back on it in winters.

    REPOTTING

    When you see the roots growing out of the pot, it’s time to repot the plant. It’s a simple procedure.

    Firstly, layer the bottom of the new pot with a potting mix, then place the plant’s roots in the soil. Keep adding soil and tucking in the roots until the roots are covered. Water the plants well initially.

    Precautions for Pests and Diseases

    • The plants are prone to tip burn which is formed due to low humidity, dry soil, or the build-up of salt and chemicals found in tap water. 
    • Avoid watering with fluorinated and chlorinated water and cut it off whenever brown tips occur. 
    • When it comes to pests, the plants are pretty hardy but they are prone to aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs and spider mites. 
    • You can use all-natural insecticide made from the ingredients in your kitchen to get rid of these pests.