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Top 20 Vegetable Plants Suitable for Balcony Garden

    The most important benefit received as a consequence of home gardening is fresh and organic food. One has absolute control on chemicals and fertilizers mixed non salubrious food that are compelled to be ripened even before time.

    20 Vegetable Plants for Balcony Garden:

    1. Tomatoes


    Tomatoes are one of the most common plants cultivated in the home gardens. It is because of the low maintenance characteristic of this plant. 

    Specialty: Tomatoes are widely used for consumption. It may be consumed in the form of salad and is even considered a necessary ingredient for most dishes. It adds up to the taste of food.

    2. Beans


    Beans are climbers and therefore require adequate space to grow. Beans prefer sunny spots and a container which may be around 12 inches deep.

    Growth Dimensions:

    Beans can grow up to a maximum height of 3 feet.

    Specialty: It is rich in vitamins A, D and C.

    3. Lettuce


    Lettuce are green leafy vegetables. It prefers cool weather and well drained soil to grow. A wide and spacious planter should be preferred and adequate space must be there. Frequent watering should be done in order to keep the soil moist.

    Growth Dimensions:

    The average height of a lettuce plant is 6 to 12 inches.

    Specialty: Lettuce is rich in vitamins A, C, D and B-6. It also consists of calcium, iron and magnesium.

    4. Peppers


    Warm climatic conditions are preferred by peppers. Peppers are easy to grow in containers at home.

    Growth Dimensions: It usually grows up to a height of 0.5 to 1.5 meters.

    5. Radishes


    Radishes have a rapid growth rate and can grow even without much care and attention.

    Growth Dimensions:

    The maximum height of a radish plant is around 6 to 18 inches.

    Specialty: Radishes are used in the form of salad and are rich in vitamins E, C, A and K.

    6. Spinach


    Spinach is known to be one of the most salubrious plants rich in calcium and iron. It is also easy to grow and requires partial shade. The container used must be 6 to 8 inches deep.

    Growth Dimensions: The average height of a spinach plant is 4 to 6 inches.

    Specialty: Spinach includes folate, potassium, fiber, zinc, iron, protein and beta-carotene.

    7. Peas


    Peas prefer moist soil. Therefore, frequent watering is necessary. Optimum sunlight is required.

    Specialty: Peas are rich in vitamins A, C, D and B-6 and magnesium, iron, calcium and magnesium.

    8. Carrots


    It is quite easy to grow these as they do not require a lot of attention and time. Frequent watering is necessary for the plant and cool weather enhances the growth of the plant.

    Growth Dimensions plants grow up to a height of 12 inches.

    Specialty: Carrots are extremely healthy and rich in Magnesium, Iron, vitamins C and A.

    9. Cucumber


    Cucumber can be grown in a medium or a large sized container and requires full sun. Frequent watering is required.

    Growth Dimensions: It grows up to a height of 5 to 6 feet.

    Specialty: Cucumber is rich in vitamins A and C and calcium, iron and sodium.

    10. Eggplant


    Eggplant is one of the easiest plants to grow in a home garden. Eggplants require optimum sunlight and prefer high temperatures.

    Growth Dimensions: Eggplant are usually found to be around 2 to 4 feet.

    Specialty: Eggplant is rich in vitamins C and B-6 and magnesium and iron.

    11. Squash


    Squash plants are herbaceous vines that belong to the gourd family. These include pumpkin, gourd and such plants. These vegetables are rich in carbohydrates and protein.

    Growth Dimensions: This plant is around 5 to 15 meters tall.

    Specialty: Squash plant consists of vitamins C, A and B-6. It is also rich in Magnesium and iron.

    12. Mustard Greens

    Mustard Greens

    Mustard Greens are the species of mustard plant. These are the source of various cuisines worldwide including Indian, Chinese, Italian, Nepali and so more. Most of the parts of the plant including seeds, stems and leaves are edible. 

    Specialty: Mustard Greens are rich in vitamins A, C, B-6, calcium, zinc, sodium and magnesium.

    13. Garlic


    Garlic plants are native to Asia and Iran. The bulbs require sufficient space to mature and grow. Garlic is used for seasoning and adding taste to Indian cuisine. Not only taste, it has been one of the most important parts of ayurvedic medicines. It is believed to have incredible health benefits.

    Growth Dimensions: The average height of a garlic plant is around 1 meter.

    Specialty: Garlic is considered to be extremely healthy and plays a vital role in adding taste to Indian cuisine.

    14. Okra


    Okra is one of the flowering plants that produces vegetables commonly used in Indian kitchens. It is native to tropical, subtropical and warm and temperate regions. At certain places it is also termed as lady’s finger.

    Growth Dimensions: The height of an okra plant may vary from 3 to 4 feet.

    Specialty: Okra is rich in potassium, sodium and vitamins C and A.

    15. Beets


    Beets are said to be one of the healthiest vegetables consumed in the form of salad.  Beets are known to be of great help to anaemic people as it increases the blood concentration in the human body.

    Growth Dimensions: Beet plants have an average height of around 2 feet.

    Specialty: Beets are rich in potassium, sodium, magnesium and vitamins C and B-6.

    16. Cole Crops

    Cole Crops

    Cole Crops include vegetables like cauliflower, broccoli and cabbage. Cole Crops prefer cool weather to grow and are therefore also termed as cold crops. It belongs to the mustard family. Such crops must be sown in around a temperature of around 25 degrees Celsius and requires adequate sunlight.

    Specialty: Most of the Cole Crops are rich in vitamins B-6 and C.

    17. Potatoes


    Potatoes are one of the most commonly consumed vegetables. Potatoes are known to be rich in carbohydrates. It is not too difficult to grow potato plants at home. 

    Growth Dimensions: The container must be deep with around 12 inches depth. 

    Specialty: Potatoes are rich in vitamins B-6 and C and magnesium.

    18. Chilly


    Chilly has been one of the most important ingredients of spice of Indian cuisine. Chilly is native to Mexico and has now become a significant part of East Asian and Southeast Asian cuisines. 

    Specialty: Vitamins C and B-6, iron, magnesium and calcium.

    19. Turnips


    Turnips are root vegetables found in temperate regions. It is consumed in the form of cooked vegetables.

    Growth Dimensions: The height of a turnip plant is around 2 to 4 inches.

    Specialty: Turnips are rich in calcium, iron, potassium and sodium.

    20. Bitter Gourd

    Bitter Gourd

    Bitter Gourd is also known as bitter squash or bitter apple. Found in tropical or subtropical regions, bitter gourd is native to Africa, Caribbea and Asia. It is well known for its bitter taste and possesses health benefits.

    Growth Dimensions: The plant can reach up to a height of 5 to 6 feet.

    Specialty: Bitter gourd is rich in vitamins A, C, D and B-6. It also consists of calcium, iron and magnesium.


    Through the cultivation of some vegetable plants in the home garden, a person can be provided with organic and healthy food lacking any unnecessary inorganic fertilizers and pesticides. Apart from this, this can serve economically too as one won’t be required to spend on certain vegetables grown at home, thus saving costs.