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25 Best Indoor Air Purifying Plants | How Do Plants Purify Air

    Air purifying plants are those plants that possess the ability to purify the air of the place, thus eliminating toxins in the air including benzene, formaldehyde etc.,

    Benefits of Air Purifying Plants

    1. Elimination of harmful toxins: The most important function of air purifying plants is the removal of toxins from the air by enhancing the air quality.Increased amount of oxygen into the air and lack of harmful gases will lead to mood elevation of people.
    2. Increase productivity: Most indoor plants are said to increase productivity of the people living in that place. The presence of such plants contribute to increased levels of positivity.
    3. Reduces stress: Plants can be great stress relievers, as the quality of inhaled air improves.
    4. Healthy Environment: The existence of such plants in the house leads to the elimination of toxins which may cause various breathing issues and lungs disorders.

    How do plants purify air?

    Plants have the ability to absorb the unwanted harmful gases through their roots from the air thereby resulting in a cleaner and healthier atmosphere.

    These plants are said to filter contaminants from the air to a great extent through their functions of absorption of toxic gases that are present not only in the air but also in the things around us.

    25 Types of Air Purifying Plants

    1. Devil’s Ivy

    Devil's Ivy

    Epipremnum aureum belongs to the family Araceae. This is one of the most popular house plants known as golden Pothos or money plant in India.

    Growth Dimensions: It usually grows up to a height of 2 meters. 

    Environment Required: It requires temperate regions. The temperature must be around 17 to 30 degree Celsius.

    Benefits: This plant has the ability to filter the air of the place.

    2. Snake Plant

    Snake Plant

    Snake plants are low maintenance plants that do not require much care and attention. They grow on their own. 

    Growth Dimensions: They can grow around 8 inches to 12 feet tall.

    Specialty: It can tolerate drought conditions.

    Environment Required: It does not require too much watering and can adapt to the climatic conditions they are in.

    3. English Ivy

    English Ivy

    English Ivy are natives to Europe and Asia. These are one of the fastest growing plants.

    Growth Dimensions: These usually grow up to a height of 20-30 meters.

    Specialty: Their berries and flowers are said to attract wildlife.

    Environment Required: They prefer shade and avoid sunlight. They like moist environments.

    Benefits: They are used for the preparation of medicines to treat cough.

    4. Peace Lily

    Peace Lily

    Peace Lily has around 40 species and popular in tropical regions.

    Growth Dimensions: They usually grow up to a height of 12 to 65 centimeters long.

    Environment Required: Peace Lily does not require a lot of water. They need partial shade but adequate sunlight is very important for them.

    5. Spider Plant

    Spider Plant

    Spider Plants are low maintenance plants that have fleshy roots. They are easy to grow and produce flowers of light green color in long branches.

    Growth Dimensions:  An average height of spider Plant is 20 to 45 centimetres.

    Environment Required: Perfect temperature for this plant is 18 degrees to 32 degrees Celsius.

    Special Precautions: Since they contain fluoride and boron in high quantity, they can be dangerous.

    6. Aloe Vera

    Aloe Vera

    Aloe Vera is a kind of succulent plant which is popularly known for its medicinal properties. Being a tropical plant, it possesses innumerable health benefits.It is  also used for treating skin defects.

    Growth Dimensions: When matured, they can grow up to a height of 1 to 2 feet.

    Specialty: The aloe Vera gel has many healing properties.

    Benefits: The aloe Vera gel is used to make medicines for curing indigestion issues. The gel, if applied on the face, gives a glow and helps alleviate acnes and pimples.

    Environment Required: Aloe Vera plants require moderate temperature. They get damaged if exposed to a lot of sunlight.

    Special Precautions: Excessive watering may lead to its exhaustion.

    7. Bostern Fern

    Bostern Fern

    It is also known as sword Fern or fish bone Fern. They are native to tropical regions.

    Growth Dimensions: These usually grow up to a height of 1.5 meters.

    Environment Required: It can even withstand drought conditions and requires humid climate.

    8. Ficus Benjamina

    Ficus Benjamina

     It is also named as weeping fig. It is a beautiful tree which has wide canopies.

    Growth Dimensions: The canopies are wide with fine branches.

    Specialty: It is an indoor bonsai well known for its distinct branches.

    Benefits: They produce fruits which are good for human consumption.

    Environment Required: It requires bright light. They should be kept in areas having temperature below 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

    Special Precautions: Over watering or under watering may lead to damage of the plant.

    9. Silver Philodendron

    Silver Philodendron

    This is used as ornamental plant. They produce berries which are edible and have large leaves.

    Environment Required: The perfect temperature for this plant is 15 to 18 degree Celsius. 

    Special Precautions: Consumption of this plant may cause several diseases.

    10. Common Ivy

    Common Ivy

    Common Ivy is one of the low maintenance plants. These are wonderful, long plants that need adequate sunlight.

    Growth Dimensions: The maximum height is it can even reach up to 50 feet.

    Environment Required: They need dry soil and it should be well drained too.

    Special Precautions: More than required water may damage the plant.

    11. Chrysanthemum

    Chrysanthemum

    Chrysanthemums are one of the most beautiful flowers having wide varieties and one of the best air purifiers.

    Environment Required: They prefer bright light and warm water. Proper air flow is necessary. 

    Growth Dimensions: They usually grow up to a height of 1 to 3 feet.

    12. Rubber Plant

    Rubber Plant

    It is also known as ficus elastica. Rubber Plants are native to Eastern Asia and belong to the family Noraceace.

    Growth Dimensions: It can grow to a maximum height of 30 to 40 meters.

    Environment Required: It need to be kept in moist places.

    Benefits: These produce latex which was traditionally used for the preparation of rubber and at some places it is used for formation of living bridges.

    13. Bamboo Palm

    Bamboo Palm

    This belongs to the family Arecaceae. These are also known as golden cane palms or yellow palms. 

    Growth Dimensions: The usual height of a bamboo palm is 6 to 12 meters.

    Environment Required: As they are native to tropical and subtropical regions. Therefore, they prefer a humid climate.

    Benefits: They are a great source of fruits for some birds.

    14. Dracaena

    Dracaena

    Having nearly 120 species, dracaena belong to the family Asparagaceae. They are natives to Africa and Asia. Dracaenas have thin stems.

    Growth Dimensions: Dracaenas grow up to height of 2 meters.

    Environment Required: They require less light and less watering too.

    Benefits: Dracaenas have been used for marking the graves of people and in other sacred occasions too.

    Special Precautions: Due to their toxicity, they may be a reason for harm to the pets of the house.

    15. Chinese Evergreen

    Chinese Evergreen

    Algoma, also known as Chinese Evergreen are natives to tropical and subtropical regions of New guinea and Asia. 

    Growth Dimensions: They grow up to a height of 1 to 3 feet.

    Environment Required: Chinese Evergreens require shady and humid climate. Temperature below 15 degrees Celsius is not suggested for these plants.

    Benefits: These are believed to be lucky plants and produce berry fruits.

    Special Precautions: These are poisonous and can even cause skin irritations.

    16. Lady Palm

    Lady Palm

    These are considered as one of the great options for house plants. They have the ability to eliminate various toxins from the air of the house that include formaldehyde, ammonia and xylene.

    Growth Dimensions: Grow up to a height of 3-4 feet tall.

    Environment Required: Lady palms prefer cool temperature which should be around 15 to 23 degrees Celsius.

    17. Plush Plant

    Plush Plant

    They have a brushy white appearance on the upper surface of their leaves. Bordered with red color, and also they come in orange- yellow color. It belongs to Southern Mexico.

    Growth Dimensions: It usually grows up to a height of 1.5 feet tall.

    Specialty: They require a soil which is absolutely dry.

    Environment Required: The average temperature preferred by a plush Plant is around 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

    18. Ball Cactus

    Ball Cactus

    It appears in the shape of a ball that has got spikes externally. These usually produce flowers in yellow color.

    Growth Dimensions: Their average height ranges between 1 to 2 feet.

    Environment Required: For the healthy existence of ball cactus, the temperature should be between 65 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

    19. Sunburst

    Sunburst

    The origin of Sunburst are the canary islands. They are named sunbursts because of their tricolor appearance. 

    Growth Dimensions: They usually grow up to 2 feet tall.

    Environment Required: It requires optimum sunlight and lesser water.

    Special Precautions: They may cause stomach irritation if consumed.

    20. Heart Leaf Philodendron

    Heart Leaf Philodendron

    Heart Leaf Philodendron belongs to the family Araceae. These have heart shaped leaves which are around 12 inches long.

    Growth Dimensions: Being a climber, the height of a Philodendron can reach up to 3 to 6 meters tall.

    Environment Required: These require a minimum temperature around 15 degrees celsius. They are temperate region plants.

    Special Precautions: The plant is believed to be toxic to certain pets.

    21. Dwarf Date Palm

    Dwarf Date Palm

    Dwarf Date palms are considered as the baby of the palm family.

    Growth Dimensions: They can grow up to a height of 6 to 10 feet.

    Environment Required: These usually require shady climate.

    Special Precautions: Exposure to excessive sunlight may damage the plant.

    22. Areca Palms

    Areca Palms

    Areca Palms require adequate space for their existence. They are considered as one of the excellent air purifiers.

    Environment Required: Areca palms require adequate water. 

    Special precautions: Can be toxic to pets.

    23. Pineapple Plant

    Pineapple Plant

    Pineapple Plant have the ability to enhance the air quality of the house by releasing more amounts of oxygen in the air of the house.

    Environment Required: They do not want frequent watering and cannot withstand cold climates at all.

    Specialty: These plants have been found to be a remedy to snores.

    24. Kimberly Queen Ferns

    Kimberly Queen Ferns

    These are natives to Australia and are one of the preferred house plants due to their low maintenance quality.

    Environment Required: They require sufficient water so frequent watering is must.

    Growth Dimensions: Grows up to 3 feet tall.

    25. Tillandsia

    Tillandsia

    Tillandsia belongs to the family Bromeliaceae and are natives to Mexico. There are nearly 650 species of this plant have been discovered.

    Growth Dimensions: These grow around a height of 6 to 8 inches.

    Environment Required: These are low maintenance plants and require less water. Temperature around 10 degrees Celsius to 32 degrees Celsius is perfect for the plant.

    Benefits: They can even grow effectively without much care and attention.

    CONCLUSION:

    Air purifiers are prominent nowadays, they perform their functions using chemicals that come along, which can be health hazardous while natural air purifiers, have no adverse impact on an individual’s health. Another reason why natural air purifiers must be used is because of the fact that planting saplings and plants is never a bad idea. Not only it serves an individual but contributes to society and the environment. Therefore, inclusion of the air purifying plants in the family will lead to a healthy environment.